Location and Nature
The White Sea Biological Station is located on the coast of Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea ( 66o 34' N, 33o 08' E), near the Polar Circle. The campus area is 15 hectares.
WSBS is an isolated settlement. There is no road. Communication to the nearest village and railway station Poyakonda (15 km) is possible only by boat during summer navigation, and by snowmobiles in winter.
Poyakonda is connected to major cities by train: 21 hours from St. Petersburg (about 1000 km), 36 hours from Moscow, and 8 hours from Murmansk (350 km).
WSBS location makes it an ideal place to study northern marine environment for scientists and students from around the globe. The station is situated on the Cape Kindo peninsula on the shore of Velikaja Salma ("Great straight") Bay, a 500 m strait that separates the station from Veliky Island, the largest island of the Kandalaksha State Nature Reserve.
The territory of the Cape Kindo peninsula (about 600 hectare) is part of the local nature reserve "Polarny Krug". It is a piece of untouched northern taiga, mosaic of coniferous and deciduous forests, wetlands and small lakes. Along the shore there are some grass meadows.
Velikaja Salma Bay is characterized by abundant northern marine fauna and flora. Strong tidal currents forming in the narrow straits, prevent formation of the ice in several particular sites and make it possible to conduct continuous research throughout the year.